Matsyasana - Fish Pose

The name comes from the Sanskrit words "matsya" meaning "fish" and "asana" meaning "posture".One can practice this asana in Padmasana pose or by bending the knees or with the legs straight pressed against the floor.The name of the posture derives from the fact that if you adopt the position in water, you will float quite easily.It is the counterpose to the Shoulder Stand and should always be skillful after it.
Benefits : A traditional text that Matsyasana is the “destroyer of all diseases.”
Stretches the deep hip flexors (psoas) and the muscles (intercostals) between the ribs
Stretches and stimulates the muscles of the belly and front of the neck
Stretches and stimulates the organs of the belly and throat
Strengthens the muscles of the upper back and back of the neck
Improves posture

Do not practice this Asana with a hernia or after any abdominal surgery.
Note: Beginners sometimes strain their neck in this pose.If you feel any discomfort in your neck or throat, either lower your chest slightly toward the floor,or put a thickly folded blanket under the back of your head.If padmasana is difficult to do in Matsyasana you can keep the legs straight.
Avoid doing this asana. Read this section carefully before you do it.
Uncontrolled High Blood Pressure
Low Back Problems
Neck problems
Low Blood Pressure

How to do this asana:

Spread the legs one foot apart.Fold the left leg in the knee and place it on the right thigh.Fold the right leg in the knee and place it on left thigh.Now with the help of the elbows raise the head, curve the back backwards and place the top of the head on the floor, making the arch of the back.Hold the toes of the feet with hands and continue normal breathing.
Avoid Step 1 : Padmasana is beyond the capacity of most beginning students.So beginners can lie down on your back with your legs straight and your feet together.
Step 1: Sit in dandasana;fold the both legs together like Padmasana,Ardha Padmasana or Sukasana. Gradually get assistance from your elbows to lie down in your back.
Step 2: Place the palms next to ears, towards the shoulder blade.Press palms and waist,raise the trunk and head.Then place the crown of the head on the floor.
Step 3: Place both the hands on the thighs and relax the elbow on the floor. If possible hold the toe with the fingers.
Step 4: Hold the pose for as long as you comfortably can, taking gentle long breaths in and out.
Step 5: Release the fingers,thrust the palms on the floor and raise the head and shoulder blade,rest them on the floor.Unfold the legs,straighten them.

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